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德宏州2023—2024學年高三年級秋季學期期末教學質量統一監測英語試卷考試時間:100分鐘滿分:120分注意事項:1.答題前,考生務必用黑色碳素筆將自己的姓名、準考證號、考場號、座位號填寫在答題卡上。2.回答選擇題時,選出每小題答案后,用鉛筆把答題卡上對應題目的答案標號涂黑。如需改動,用橡皮擦干凈后,再選涂其他答案標號?;卮鸱沁x擇題時,將答案寫在答題卡上,寫在本試卷上無效。3.考試結束后,將答題卡交回。第一部分閱讀理解(共兩節,滿分50分)第一節(共15小題;每小題2.5分,滿分37.5分)閱讀下列短文,從每題所給的A、B、C和D四個選項中,選出最差選項。AEverybodyknowsthatMassachusettsisagreatplacetoleaves.Butsurelythereareotherplacestocatchtheleavesturninggreentoreddish,there'theshortanswerisyes.Aspen,ColoradoAspen—asitsnamesuggests—doestoimpresswithitsbackdropofmajesticsnow-cappedmountains.HeadtothexxxxofBellstolookintomirror-likelakestoseedouble:onacalmday,themountainsandreflectedinthestillwaters.Bavaria,GermasTakeatrip:BrothersGrimmfairytale.Notonlycanyoucatchbreathtakingviews—suchascastlesemergingfromred,greenandgoldentrees—butyoucanexperiencetheregion'sfalltraditions,suchasthe“Almabtrieb”event,bringinginthecattlefromthegrasslands,andlocalparish(教區)fairs,called“Kirchweih-Feste”wherebeeriseverywhere.Catskills,UpstateNewYorkIfspottingfallinonestateisn'tenough,headtotheCatskills,whereyoucanseefivestatesatonce.HeadtotheNorthernCatskillsofGreeneCounty,tothe“FiveStateLookout”inWindham,whereyoucanviewtreetopsinNewYork,Vermont,Connecticut,Massachusetts,andNewHampshire,aswellasbeautifulsceneryoftheHudsonRiverValley.Edinburgh,ScotlandThiscityismadeforfallwithitstree-linedstreetsandbigopenparks.HeadtoPrincesStreetGardens,whichishometosomeofthecity'smosttypicalmonuments,suchasthestorybook-styleGardeners’CottageandtheScottMonument,ortakeahikethroughHolyroodPark,marvelingastherussettones(紅褐色)covertherollinghillswhichclimbuptothefamedArthursSeatofferingfullviewsofthecityandbeyond.英語試卷·第1頁(共8頁)1.WhatisaspecialviewoftheMaroonBells?A.TypicalmonumentsinScottishstyle.B.Clearlakeswithreflectionsofsurroundings.C.Beautifulcastlesamonggoldentrees.D.Mountainscompletelycoveredwithsnow.2.Inwhichplacecanpeopleseefivestatesatthesametime?A.Aspen,Colorado.B.Catskills,UpstateNewYork.C.Bavaria,Germany.D.Edinburgh,Scotland.3.Whydoestheauthorwritethetext?A.Toexplainhowtodevelophobbiesinthefall.B.Tostresstheimportanceoftravelinginthefall.C.Tointroducesomeplacestoappreciatefallleaves.D.Todescribehowtoenjoyfallleaveswithyourowneyes.BInaboutaweekIwillstartoneofmymostexpectedadventuresever.SatekNationalParkwillbeamission.Itisnotaplacefortheunprepared.Itisaplaceforadventmeansastheartswhoarelookingforsolitude(獨處),wildnessandaconnectionwithnaturethatinandonourplanetthesedays.HighupinthenorthofSwedenattheborderwith.Amye,itiscalledthelastEuropeanWilderness.Thepreparationforthistripstartedafewmonthsago.ItriedtoprepareinthebestwaypossibleasthisisunchartedterritoryformeItwillinterefirsthikereallyoffthebeatenpathIwillnotgointodetailsuntilIgetbackandact!Thereareafewthings,It'sstar,inmindwhenyouplantohikeinSarekNationalPark.Firstofall,therearenohutsofanyaccommodation.IfyouareattheheartofSarekyouwillbeatleasta4-5dayshikeawayfromthenextmountainhut.SothismeansIwillhavetocarryeverythingIneedfor8-10days.Thebiggestpartoftheloadwillbefood.Therearenopathsorwaymarks.IwillhavetomakemyownroutewithGPSandmaps.Inaddition,theweathercanbeverychallenging.SarekistheareainSwedenwiththeheaviestrainfall.Itisalsoknownforstrongwindandthere'renotmanyplacestoshelterfromitbecausetherearehardlyanytrees.Itisimportanttobringprofessionalhikinggear(裝備).Findingandchoosingagoodcampsitemighttakesometimeaswell.4.WhatkindofdestinationdoestheauthorconsiderSarekNationalParktobe?A.Popularandconvenient.B.Busyandwell-connected.C.Remoteandforest-covered.D.Attractiveanddemanding.5.Whatdoestheunderlinedword“uncharted”inparagraph2probablymean?A.Notexplored.B.Notaccepted.C.Notvast.D.Notdangerous.6.WhatwilltheauthordoinSarekNationalPark?A.MakeamapofSarek.B.Buildsheltersfortourists.C.ReachthedepthsofSarek.D.MeasuretherainfallofSarek.英語試卷·第2頁(共8頁)7.Whatistheauthor'spurposeinwritingparagraph4?A.Toexplainwhytherearefewtreesthere.B.Torecommendwaysoffindinggoodcampsites.C.Todiscusscausesofheavyrainsandstrongwind.D.Toremindpossibletravelersofthechallengingweather.CWhenKurtBenirschkestartedcollectingskinsamplesfromrareandendangeredanimalsin1972,hedidn'thaveaplanonwhattodowiththem.AsaresearcherattheUniversityofCaliforniaSanDiego,hebelievedthatonedaythetoolswouldbedevelopedtosavethoseanimals.Afewyearslater,hemovedhiscollectiontoSanDiegoZoo,andcalledittheFrozenZoo.Today,theFrozenZooistheworld'slargestanimalcryobank(生物冷庫),withsamplesfromover10,500individualanimalsfrom1,220species.SincetheFrozenZoowasfounded,OliverRyder,ageneticistatSanDiegoZoo,saysmanyachievementshavebeenreachedinthefieldofgenetics,startingwiththecloningofthefirstanimal—asheepnamedDollyin1996.Since2001,fourendangeredspeeieshavebeenclonedusinggeneticmaterialfromtheFrozenZoo:theIndianGaur,ahumanbackedAsianwildox;theBanteng,aSoutheast-Asianspeciesofcattle;Przewalski'shorsyandhe/3.ack-footedferret.Inrecentyears,theclockhasbeentickingformanyspeciesmdanger.AccordingtotheWWFLivingPlanetReport2020,asaresultoflosscthatiatduetohumanactivities,onemillionspecies—animalsandplants—arethreatewithextinctionoverthecomingdecadesandcenturies.Withthecurrentrateofb.eliverityloss,somescientistsbelievecollectingsamplesfromspeciesthatmightnotbeseek?horrowisascientificmust-do.Oneofthemaincreativenesswillbepersuadingconservationagenciesthatcryobankingisareasonablestrategyworthfunding.“Manyofusaredoingthiswithoutanynationalorgovernmentsupportbeyonddonations,”saysLisaYon,anassociateprofessorofzooandwildlifemedicineattheUniversityofNottingham.“Cryobankingisincreasinglybeingrecognizedasanimportantresource,soit'sabitpuzzlingthatthereisn'tmorefundingsupport.”8.WhydidKurtBenirschkestarttheFrozenZoo?A.Toattractmorevisitors.B.Tofindnewtoolsforresearch.C.Tosellsamplesmoreconveniently.D.Tohelpsaveendangeredanimals.9.WhatmightbeOliverRyder'sattitudetowardstheFrozenZoo?A.Doubtful.B.Positive.C.Unclear.D.Uncaring.10.Whatcanbelearnedfromparagraph3?A.Biodiversityisingreatdanger.B.WWFisworkingwiththeFrozenZoo.C.Wildlifepopulationisgettingbigger.D.TheFrozenZoohasstored1,220species.11.Whatisthetextmainlyabout?A.TheeffortsofKurtBenirschke.B.Thedevelopmentincloning.C.TheimportanceoftheFrozenZoo.D.Theproblemofgenetictechnology.英語試卷·第3頁(共8頁)

DDoyougetnervousthinkingaboutacomingmathtest?Ifyes,youarefarfromalone.Mathanxietyhasbecomeacommonconditionamongstudentsaroundtheworld.Studentsincountrieswithhigherlevelsofmathanxietytendtoachievelowermathgrades,accordingtoastudypublishedbytheNationalAcademyofSciencesonFeb.15th.Mathanxiety——anegativeemotionalreactiontothecoresubject——causesfear,physicalsufferingandbehaviorproblemsamongyoungpupils,accordingtoaUniversityofCambridgestudy.Somepeoplealsoexperiencephysicalsymptomssuchassweatypalmsoraracingheart.Theymaythentrytoavoideverysituationinvolvingnumbers,meaningtheyareheldbackfrompursuingcareersrelatedtothissubject,suchastechnologyorengineering,accordingtoTheGuardian.Reliefcomesfromthefactthatthosewithmathanxietyaren'tdestined(注定的)tobebadatmath.“Ifachildhasmathanxiety,don'tassumethatthey’renotgoodatmath.Theymayhavehadareallybadexperiencewithmathandtherearewaystoimprovemathachievement,”DanielAnsari,theseniorauthorofthestudytoldTheLondonFreePress.Also,therearewaystomanageyourstressrelatedtomath.Ifyouarefeelingstressedbeforeamathexam,itmayhelptospendafewminutesexploringbase'tetingsbeforetheexambegins.“It'saboutmakingsureyou'reinterpretingyourfeerlines'correctly,”SianBeilock,acognitivescientisttoldtheBBC.“Justbecauseyouhaveafastheartbeatandsweatypalms,thatdoesnotnecessarilymeanyouwillfail.”Mathdoesn'tcomeeasy,nobawcleveryouare.LeonardodaVinci,thefamousItalianartist,wasahugefanofmatexanatics.ButhisnotebooksshowthatDaVincicouldn'tdofractions(分數).Hecouldnevergrasp,forinstance,thatdividinganumberbyone-quarteristhesameasmultiplyingbyfour,resultinginahighernumberthantheoriginal.12.Whatdoweknowaboutmathanxiety?A.Itismostcommonlyseenamongteenagers.B.Mathanxietyleadstopeoplestrugglingintheircareer.C.Itcancauseunpleasantsymptomsbothmentallyandphysically.D.Peoplewhoaregoodatmathdon'texperiencemathanxiety.13.WhatdoesDanielAnsari'sstudyimply?A.Mathanxietymaycontributetobettergrades.B.Studentswithmathanxietymayhavehighercognitiveabilities.C.Badexperiencewithmathcancausecognitivedisadvantages.D.Mathanxietydoesnotreflecttheabilitytosolvemathproblems.14.Howshouldyoudealwiththestressrelatedtomathaccordingtothearticle?A.Practicemorebeforeyoutakemathexams.B.Learntounderstandyourfeelings.C.Askcognitiveexpertsforhelp.D.Takeallnervousenergyasachallenge.英語試卷·第4頁(共8頁)

15.WhyisLeonardodaVinci'sstorymentioned?A.Toshowthatmathdefinitelyisn'teasy.B.Tosuggestawaytosolvemathanxiety.C.ToshowDaVinci'smathanxietyisveryserious.B.Toexplainwhymathisaparticularlydifficultsubject.第二節(共5小題;每小題2.5分,滿分12.5分)根據短文內容,從短文后的選項中選出能填入空白處的最佳選項。選項中有兩項為多余選項。Thinkbacktothelasttimeyoushoppedforfruitsandvegetables.Youmayhavenoticedsomeitemslabelledwiththeword“organic”16“Organic”referstothewayfoodisgrown.Tobelabelledasorganic,foodproductionmustmeetstrictguidelines.Thesecanbedifferentdependingonwhereyoulive.IntheUnitedStates,organicfoodsmustbegrownorraisedwithoutusingpesticidesorchemicalfertilizers.17ThatchangedaftertheIndustrialRevolutionDuringtheentury,manyideasthatwereusedbyfactoriesandbigbusinesseswereputintoacessinfarms.Thishelpedsomefarmsgrowlargerandproducemore.Theorganicmovementwasstartedtogetbacketlieoldtraditionalwaysoffarming.Why?Manybelievethechemicalsandpesticides"seainmodernfarmingcanbeharmfultoyourhealth.18Andthosewhosupportyenvironment.Haveyoueveri……:Azanicandnon-organicfoodsatthegrocerystore?Ifso,youknowthatorganicfoodtors'scostmore.Thishappensformanyreasons.Organicfarmingproducesfewercrops19Additionally,organicfarmsspendmoremoneytakingcareoftheanimalstheyraise.Theseandotherfactorsdrivethecostoforganicfoodup.Isorganicfoodworththeextracost?Somepeoplebelieveitis.Theymaythinkittastesbetterorjustprefertoeatfoodthathasnotbeengrownusingchemicals20Theyarestilltryingtofindamajordifferencebetweenorganicandnon-organicfoodintermsofsafety,nutrition,ortaste.Still,othersarguethattheenvironmentalbenefitsoforganicfoodmakeitworththeprice.A.Haveyoueverwonderedwhatthatmeans?B.Thecostofproductionisalsousuallyhigher.C.Formostofhistory,almostallfoodwasorganic.D.Areyouwonderingiforganicfoodisrightforyou?E.Manypeoplearewillingtopaymorefororganicfood.F.Somealsothinkorganicfoodsarenaturallymorenutritious.G.Scientistshavestudiedorganicandnon-organicfoodsformanyyearsnow.英語試卷·第5頁(共8頁)

第二部分語言知識運用(共兩節,滿分30分)第一節完形填空(共15小題;每小題1分,滿分15分)閱讀下面短文,從短文后各題所給的A、B、C和D四個選項中,選出可以填入空白處的最佳選項。HardlyhadIfinishedmyworkandleftmyofficebuildingat9p.m.onaSaturdaywhenitrainedcatsanddogsInoticedamanwanderingaroundmycarthemomentI21theparkinglotHewasalone,22withcold,andhewaslookingaroundeveryfewsecondsItwasthenthatit23methatIhadforgottentorollthecarwindowupandthatwas24whereIleftmywallet.Iranandcalledouttotheman,25hedidn'ttakethemoneyandmakearunwithitIwastootiredto26him.“Areyouthe27ofthiscar?”themanasked,raindropsontheroofofmycarmakinghisvoice28.“Yes,IamAndwhothehellareyou?”Irepliedwithanunfriendly29Themanwentontotellmethathewasa30nearbyandfamilieswitheveryfaceandeverycarhere“Thismorning,severalyoungmenwalkedup31:themoneyinyourcarIwouldnotletthathappenIcameoverandfrightenedtheri's,32tocallthepoliceTheyoungmenranawayimmediately.Iwaswaitingforwheresothatthecarandyourmoneywouldbe33,”hesaid.Whenthemangaveaclear34hadhappenedearlier,Iatemywordsoutof35IknewIwrongedhim“Whydidn'tyoutakethetheraph?”Iaskedhim.“Ibeg,sir.Butido,'tstere'Hereplieddeterminedlyandlefthurriedly.21. A.measured B.swept C.entered D.left22. A.living B.shaking C.dealing D.annoying23. A.struck B.puzzled C.impressed D.touched24. A.naturally B.probably C.certainly D.exactly25. A.imagining B.suggesting C.expecting D.stressing26. A.catchupwith B.putupwith C.getalongwith D.makefriendswith27. A.producer B.owner C.designer D.dealer28. A.unusual B.pleasant C.special D.unclear29. A.expression B.conclusion C.introduction D.suggestion30. A.farmer B.gardener C.beggar D.villager31. A.preferring B.offering C.happening D.planning32. A.deciding B.pretending C.agreeing D.promising33. A.reachable B.gone C.safe D.convenient34. A.direction B.opinion C.examination D.explanation35. A.satisfaction B.disappointment C.embarrassment D.excitement英語試卷·第6頁(共8頁)第二節(共10小題;每小題1.5分,滿分15分)閱讀下面短文,在空白處填入1個適當的單詞或括號內單詞的正確形式。36(know)astheworld'slargestsportinggalainscale,the19thAsianGames,stagedinHangzhou,capitalofZhejiangprovince,attractedworldwideattentionItwas37(official)launchedonJune.15ththisyearwhentheflameoftheAsianGameswaslit,withabout12,417athletestocompetein481medalevents.Theopeningceremonyofthe19thAsianGamesinHangzhouwas38spectaculardisplayofChinesecultureandinnovation.Itwasafeastforthesenses,withstunningvisuals,innovativeperformancesandamovingtribute(頌辭)tothehistoryandcultureofAsia.Themed“memoriesofJiangnan”,theceremonynotonlyusedtheelementofwatertoshowcasetheregion's39(nature)beautyandculturalcharm,butalsoincorporatedelementsofLiangzhucultureandtheQiantangRivertides,40reflectsChina'slongandstoriedhistoryandculturalheritageTheopeningceremonyalso41(break)newgroundintermsoftechnology,usingdigitalignition(點火)forthefirsttimetointegratetheconceptof“digitalChina”42theceremonyAdditionally,itusedalargenumberofdroneperformances43(create)astunningvisualspectacle.Theopeningceremony,a44(celebrate)ofsportsa364852,wasafittingwaytokickofftheAsianGames,servingasareminderoftherichcritiateofAsia45thepowerofsporttobringpeopletogether.第三部分寫作(共兩節,滿分40分第一節應用文寫作(滿分15分)46.假定你是李華,你的外,當學生朋友James想在中國進行社會實踐,現有如下兩種選擇:博物館講解員的名譽一學外教。James來信向你尋求建議,請你給他回信。內容包括:1.建議其中一項活動;2.說明至少兩點理由。參考詞匯:博物館講解員(museumguide)外教(foreignteacher)注意:1.寫作詞數應為80左右;開頭已給出,不計入總詞數;2.請按如下格式在答題卡的相應位置作答。DearJames,Howiseverythinggoing?Bestregards,LiHua英語試卷·第7頁(共8頁)第二節讀后續寫(滿分25分)47.閱讀下面材料,根據其內容和所給段落開頭語續寫兩段,使之構成一篇完整的短文。AsAmywalkedhomefromschooloneafternoon,shesawimagesofsymmetry(對稱)allaroundher:inthefacesofpeople,inthebuildingsshepassed,andinthecarsthatwentby.Eventheautumnleavesthatcoveredthesidewalk.Abutterflylandedonabranchaboveher,andAmysuddenlystopped.Sheheldherbreathandsmiled,watchingasitopenedandcloseditsperfectlysymmetricalwings.Allthatmonth,Amy'sclasshadbeenstudyingdifferentformsofsymmetry,andAmywasdeeplyattracted.They'dobservedthemirrorsymmetryofviolinsandtherotationalsymmetryofstarfish.They'devenstudiedsymmetryusingamicroscopeandrecordedthebeautywithaphonecamera.NowMr.Garcia,theirscienceteacher,hadgiventhemtheirfinalassignment:tofindthemostbeautifulexampleofsymmetryandgiveareporttotheclassonit.“Themostbeautifulexampleofsymmetry.Whatonearthcouldthatbe?”Amyaskedherself.Shefinallydecidedtousehermicroscopetofindone.Amyspenthoursinthegardenontheexaminationofcells,piecesofrock,anddropsofpondwater.Althoughshewasamazedbywhatshesaw,nonewastrulybeautiful.“Whatareyoubringingtoclass?”AmyaskedherfriendGate----thebusridetoschool.“Amodelairplane,”repliedCathyproudly.“Andmybrother,wearewisbringinghisguitar.”Thosethingsarenice,thoughtAmy,buttheremustbesomethingmorebeautiful.Thatevening,shestayedwithhermigussomeuntilherfathercalledout,“Getinside,Amy.It'sfreezingoutside.Theweatherforexists'tit'sgoingtosnow.”Amy'sheartsank.Therewerewerthingstostudyunderthemicroscope.Snowwouldcoverthearealikeablanket.waringeverythingfromsight.Herassignmentwasdueinjustafewdays.Amybegantomanicasshewaspackinguphermicroscope.Thenshecaughtsightofsomethingwhiteblownontothestageofhermicroscope.Yes!Thesnowflake(雪花)!Shelookedthroughthemicroscopeandwasamazedbyitsbeauty.注意:1.續寫詞數應為150左右;2.請按如下格式在答題卡的相應位置作答。Paragraph1:“Ihavetoshowittomyclass,”Amycriedexcitedly.Paragraph2:Finally,itwasthedaytoreport.英語試卷·第8頁(共8頁)德宏州2023—2024學年高三年級秋季學期期末教學質量統一監測英語參考答案及評分標準第一部分:閱讀理解(每小題2.5分,滿分50分)1—5BBCDA6—10CDDBA11—15CCDBA16—20ACFBG第二部分:語言知識運用第一節:完形填空(每小題1分,滿分15分)21—25CBADC26—30ABDAC31—35DBCDC第二節:語法填空(每小題1.5分,滿分15分)36.Known37.officially38.a39.natural40.which41.broke42.into43.tocreate44.celebration45.and第三部分:寫作第一節(滿分15分)Possibleversion:【參考范文一】DearJames,Howiseverythinggoing?KnowingthatyouhadaoübleinchoosingasuitablesocialBasedonyourinterests,Iwouldsomeasammitdyoutobecomeamuseumguide.Firstly,workingasamuseumguidewillofinstegyouwithauniqueopportunitytosoakyourselfinChinesehistoryandculture,ofinsightsintothecountry'spastandpresent.What'smore,byengagingindailyconversatiz.swithtouristsandexplainingtheculturalsignificanceoftheartifactsinChinese,you'llhaveamplechancestopracticeandenhanceyourlanguageproficiency.Hopefully,mysMe2cstionswillbeofhelptoyou.Feelfreetoreachoutifyouneedfurtherguidance.Bestregards,LiHua【參考范文二】DearJames,Howiseverythinggoing?SodelightedtolearnthatyouwanttoparticipateinasocialactivityinChina,I'monlytoowillingtohelpyouandmytipsareasfollows.Basedonyourinterests,Iwouldrecommendyoutobecomeaforeignteacherinaruralmiddleschool.Firstly,workingasaforeignteacherwillprovideyouwithauniqueopportunitytoimpartknowledgeandofferhelptothosestudentswhoaresoeagertolearnEnglish.What'smore,byengagingindailyconversationswithstudents,you'llhaveamplechancestopracticeandenhanceyourChineseproficiency.Itdeservestobedone.Hopefully,mysuggestionswillbeofhelptoyou.Feelfreetoreachoutifyouneedfurtherguidance.Bestregards,LiHua英語參考答案及評分標準·第1頁(共8頁)第二節(滿分25分)Possibleversion:讀后續寫“Ihavetoshowittomyclass,”AmycriedexcitedlyShetookacloserlookthroughthemicroscopeagainandwassurprisedtofindthattherewasnothingthere!Thesnowflakemeltedanddisappearedtakingallofitsbeautywithit.“No!Wait!”criedAmy.Shehadtotakethesnowflaketoclass,buthow?Suddenly,AgoodideaoccurredtoAmythatshecouldrecordthebeautybytakingsomepictures.Beingwildwithjoy,sherantoherhouseandpickeduphercamera.Withinminutes,shemanagedtoattachittothemicroscope,carefullyplacedanothersnowflakeonthemicroscope'sstageandtookaseriesofpictures,feelingeagertoshareherfindingswiththeclass.Finally,itwasthedaytoreportAmytookthephotostotheclass,whichamazedtheclassmatesandthescienceteacher.Eachsnowflakewasdifferent,symmetrical,andunbelievablybeautiful.Amysawthismagicmomentwhenthewholeclasswereenjoyingthemostbeautifulexampleofsymmetry—theireyeswereshiningandtheirfaceslitup.TheteacherpraisedAmyforhercarefulobservation,makingAmyhappyandproud.Asamatteroffact,lifeisfullofbeautyandmysteryonceyouputyourheartintoit.【導語】本文以人物為線索展開。文章講述了學生Amy在學校月學習了對稱現象,科學老師要求同學們找到最美麗的對稱例子并作報告。Amy用她的外表鏡在花園里尋找,觀察各種對稱的東西,但是都不滿意,那天晚上,大雪將廷一切都覆蓋起來,Amy還沒有找到滿意的對稱物,她很恐慌,就在這時,她看坐外包的雪花飄到了顯微鏡臺上,透過顯微錢到,她看到美麗的雪花很,她被雪花的美①由第一段首句內容“‘我必須把多糧家給我的班級,’Amy興奮地叫了起來?!笨芍?,第一段可描寫Amy想把雪花帶魚瓣堂上,但是發現雪花很快就會融化,于是想出了一個辦法——拿照相機拍下雪花②由第二段首句內容“終于到了作報告的這天?!笨芍?,第二段可描寫Amy在課堂上展示雪花的美,老師和學生看到雪花對稱的美很興奮,老師表揚了Amy。2.續寫線索:想帶到課堂上——發現雪花很快融化——拿照相機拍下美麗的雪花——作報告——展示雪花的美——老師和同學的反應——老師表揚Amy答案詳解A篇主題語境:旅游觀光——分享了幾個適合欣賞秋葉的旅游勝地本文是應用文。作者分享了幾個適合欣賞秋葉的旅游勝地。1.B。細節理解題。由第二段中的第二句HeadtotheMaroonBellstolookintomirror-likelakestoseedouble:onacalmday,themountainsandtreesarereflectedinthestillwaters.可知theMaroonBells的特殊之處。2.B。細節理解。由第四段中的第一句Ifspottingfallinonestateisn'tenough,headtotheCatskills,whereyoucanseefivestatesatonce.可知答案。3.C。推理判斷題。由第一段EverybodyknowsthatMassachusettsisagreatplacetoseefallleaves.Butsurelythereareotherplacestocatchtheleavesturninggreentoreddish-golden?Theshortanswerisyes.可推斷出作者寫作的目的。英語參考答案及評分標準·第2頁(共8頁)B篇主題語境:人與自然——分享為探索國家公園所做的準備本文是記敘文。作者分享了自己為去薩勒克國家公園所做的準備,提醒前往的人要注意的事項。4.D。推理判斷題。由第一段中的Itisnotaplacefortheunprepared.Itisaplaceforadventuroushearts可知,去薩勒克國家公園旅游必須提前做好充分的準備,因為這里是冒險愛好者的樂園,對前往的游客有比較高的要求。又由第一段中的thatishardtofindonourplanetthesedays及thelastEuropeanWilderness可以看出,作者很期待這次冒險之旅,由此可推斷,該國家公園對他具有吸引力。5.A。詞義猜測題。由第二段中的Thepreparationforthistripstartedafewmonthsago.Itriedtoprepareinthebestway和IwillnotgointodetailsuntilIgetbackandactuallyknowwhatIamtalkingabout可知,作者還沒有去過薩勒克國家公園,正因為這里是他還沒有探索過的地域,因此他臨行前做好了充分的準備。uncharted有“無人涉足的,陌生的”之意。6.C。細節理解題。由第三段中的IfyouareattheheartofSarek…thismeansIwillhavetocarryeverythingIneed…可知,作者此次做足了準備,打算深入探索薩勒克國家公園。7.D。推斷寫作目的題。根據本段的主題句Inaddition,theweathercanbeverychallenging可推斷寫作在本段掛根據本段的主題句Inaddic意惡劣,一次考慮一個這是一篇說明文。主要介紹了世界上最大的生物冷庫二~hozenZoo在保存瀕危動物細胞樣本方面的重要成果及作用。8.D。推理判斷題。根據第一段前兩句WrankuitBenirschkestartedcollectingskinsamplesfromrareandendangeredaning.972,hedidn'thaveaplanonwhattodowiththem.AsaresearcherattheWhiseslyofCaliforniaSanDiego,hebelievedthatonedaythetoolswouldbedeteiontosavethoseanimals.”(當KurtBenirschke在1972年開始收集珍稀瀕?;钗锏钠つw樣本時,他并沒有一個如何處理它們的計劃。作為加州大學圣地亞哥分校的一名研究人員,他相信總有一天會開發出拯救這些動物的工具。)及最后一句“Today,theFrozenZooistheworld'slargestanimalcryobank(生物冷庫),withsamplesfromover10,500individualanimalsfrom1,220species.”(現在,冷凍動物園是世界上最大的動物冷凍庫,有來自1220個物種的10500多只動物樣本。)可知,KurtBenirschke收集瀕危動物的皮膚樣本是為了將來能夠有機會拯救它們。FrozenZoo是儲存動物樣本的冷庫,故他將樣本移到冷庫是為了保存數據,期望拯救瀕危動物。9.B。觀點態度。根據第二段第一句“SincetheFrozenZoowasfounded,OliverRyder,ageneticistatSanDiegoZoo,saysmanyachievementshavebeenreachedinthefieldofgenetics”(自冷凍動物園成立以來,圣地亞哥動物園的遺傳學家OliverRyder說,遺傳學領域取得了許多成就)可知,OliverRyder對于FrozenZoo持積極贊成的態度。10.A。段落主旨。根據第三段最后一句“Withthecurrentrateofbiodiversityloss,somescientistsbelievecollectingsamplesfromspeciesthatmightnotbeheretomorrowisascientificmust-do.”(以目前生物多樣性喪失的速度,一些科學家認為,從明天可能不復存在的物種身上收集樣本是一項科學必須做的事情。)可知,物種滅絕加劇,生物多樣性遭到嚴重破壞。英語參考答案及評分標準·第3頁(共8頁)11.C。篇章主旨大意題。根據第一段最后一句“Today,theFrozenZooistheworld'slargestanimalcryobank(生物冷庫),withsamplesfromover10,500individualanimalsfrom1,220species.”(現在,冷凍動物園是世界上最大的動物冷凍庫,有來自1220個物種的10500多只動物樣本。)及第二段第一句“SincetheFrozenZoowasfounded,OliverRyder,ageneticistatSanDiegoZoo,saysmanyachievementshavebeenreachedinthefieldofgenetics”(自冷凍動物園成立以來,圣地亞哥動物園的遺傳學家OliverRyder說,遺傳學領域取得了許多成就)及第三段最后一句“Withthecurrentrateofbiodiversityloss,somescientistsbelievecollectingsamplesfromspeciesthatmightnotbeheretomorr

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