成都市2023級高中畢業班第一次診斷性檢測-英語試題-word版-+-答案_第1頁
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成都市2023級高中畢業班第一次診斷性檢測-英語試題-word版--+-答案成都市2023級高中畢業班第一次診斷性檢測英語本試卷分選擇題和非選擇題兩局部。第I卷〔選擇題〕1至8頁,第II卷〔非選擇題〕第9至10頁,共10頁;總分值150分,考試時間120分鐘。本卷須知:答題前,務必將自己的姓名、考籍號填寫在答題卡規定的位置上。答選擇題時,務必使用2B鉛筆將答題卡上對應題目的答案標號涂黑,如需改動,用橡皮擦擦干凈后,再選涂其他答案標號。答非選擇題時,務必使用0.5毫米黑色簽字筆,將答案書寫在答題卡規定位置上。所有題目必須在答題卡上作答,在試卷上答題無效??荚嚱Y束后,只將答題卡交回。第I卷〔100分〕第一局部聽力〔共兩節,總分值30分〕做題時,先將答案標在試卷上。錄音內容結束后,你將有兩分鐘的時間將試卷上的答案轉涂到答題卡上?!补?個小題;每題1.5分,總分值7.5分〕聽下面5段對話。每段對話后有一個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最正確選項,并標在試卷的相應位置。聽完每段對話后,你都有10秒鐘的時間來答復有關小題和閱讀下一小題。每段對話僅讀一遍。1.Whenwillthespeakersmeet?A.OnMonday.B.OnTuesday.C.OnThursday.2.Whatdidthemandoovertheweekend?A.Hewenthiking.B.Hewentcamping.C.Hewentdancing.3.Whatarethespeakerstalkingabout?A.Thewoman'strousers.B.Thewoman'sshoes,C.Thewoman'ssocks.4.Whatistheweatherlieontheweddingday?A.Sunny.B.Rainy.C.Windy.5.WhatdoesthewomanthinkofhertriptoMexico?A.Enjoyable.B.Ordinary,C.Terrible.〔共15個小題;每題1.5分,總分值22.5分〕聽下面5段對話或獨白。每段對話或獨白后有幾個小題,從題中所給的A、B、C三個選項中選出最正確選項,并標在試卷的相應位置。聽每段對話或獨白前,你將有時間閱讀各個小題,每題5秒鐘。聽完后,各小題給出5秒鐘的作答時間。每段對話或獨白讀兩遍。聽第6段材料,答復第6至第7題。6.WhatdoesBillywanttodo?A.Meetalifeguard.B.Goswimming.C.Playoutdoors7.WhatworriesBilly’smothermost?A.Billy'slonelinessB.Billy'shealth.C.Billy'ssafety.聽第7段材料,答復第8至第10題。8.Wheredidthemanleavehiskeys?A.Inhishouse,B.Inhiscar.C.Inhisbag.9.Howdidthemangetin?A.Bybreakingthelock.B.Byusingnsparekey.C.Byclimbinginthroughawindow.10.Whatistheprobablerelationshipbetweenthetwospeakers?A.Acouple.B.NeighborsC.Colleagues,聽第8段材料,答復第11至第13題。11.Whydoesthemanspendlesstimeplayinggamesnow?A.Hehaseyeproblems.B.HehasnointerestinitC.Hecan’taffordthetime.12.Whatisthewoman'sfavoriteontheInternet?A.Onlinegames.B.Socialnetworking.C,Videos.13.Whatdoesthemanthinkofchattingonline?A.Time-consuming.B.Interesting.C.Boring.聽第9段材料,答復第14至第16題。14.Whatlocalproductsdesthewomanlikemost?A.Chinesepaintings.B.Silkscarves.C.Chinesepaper-cuts.15.Accordingtotheman,whatisthemostcommonthemeinChinesepapercuts?A.Animals.B.Flowers.C.Chinesecharacters.16.Whydoesthewomanwanttobuymorepaper-cuts?A.Tosendthemasgifts.B.Todecorateherhome.C.ToteachherChineseclass.聽第10段材料,答復第17至第20題。17.Whatdidthemanusetodotocelebratethenewyear?A.Playfireworks.B.Watchamovie.C.Havefunwithfriends,18.WhatdidthemanandhisfriendseatonNewYear'sEve?A.Tastysalads.B.Chinesetakeaways.C.Junkfood.19.HowdoesthemanusuallycelebratehisNewYear'sEvenow?A.Byhavingabigmeal.B.Bydoingnothingspecial.C.Byplayingwithhiskids.20.Accordingtotheman,whyisn'tNewYear'sDayabigcelebrationforhim?A.Hehasalreadygrownup.BHethinkseachdayisanewstart.C.Hepreferstogotobedearlynow.第二局部閱讀理解〔共兩節,總分值40分〕〔共15小題;每題2分,總分值30分〕閱讀以下短文,從每題所給的四個選項〔A、B、C和D〕中,選出最正確選項,并在答題卡上將該項涂黑。AI-HOUSE2023~2023DININGSERVICESNOTICEI-Houseservesmealsthatinternationalstudentscanchoosefrom.Onholidaysonlyonemealisserved.Mealsdonotcarryoverfromtermtoterm.YouhavetheoptionofpurchasingextramealsthroughtheDiningService.Themealsperperiodwillbeasindicated:MealHoursDaysBreakfast7:15am----9:30amMonday---FridayLunch11:30am----1:30pmMonday---FridayDinner6:00pm----8:00pmMonday---SundayBrunch9:30am----1:00pmSaturdays---SundaysMealCards---DiningServiceoperatesonacomputerizedsystem.YourstudentIDorI-HouseAccessCardwillserveasyourmealcardandgetcodedinthecomputersystem.NOMEALSSHALLBEPROVIDEDWITHOUTPRESENTATIONOFAVALIDMEALCARDORCASH.Ifyourcardisdamaged,youareresponsibletoreplaceyourcardandthencontactDiningServicetohaveitcodedagainbeforeenteringthediningarea.RemovalofFoodorSupplies------RemovingfoodorsuppliesfromtheDiningFacility,withoutpermission,mayresultinadditionalchargestoyourRoomandBoardtopaythecostsoranyrelatedexpenses.SpecialDiets------DiningServiceprovidesavarietyofmealoptions,includingreligiousselections.Althoughnotguaranteed,specialdietscanusuallybeaccommodatedwithinourability.Youmayarrangeameetingwithourdiningstafftodiscussanyspecialdietconcernsorfoodbye-mailingtoihdining@.PhysicalDisabilities------TheInternationalHouseDiningFacilityisaccessibletoalldisabledresidents.However,residentsmustbeaccompaniedbytheirpersonalnursesformealassistance.Theywillreceiveamealfreeofchargeatthetimeassistanceisgiven.21.Howmanymealsareusuallyservedeveryweek?A.17.B.18.C.19.D.20.22.Whatcanyoudoifyourmealcarddoesn’tworkproperly?A.Payincash.B.GetfoodfreeC.Haveitrepaired.D.Getitcoded.23.Whatcanwelearnfromthepassage?A.Theservicetheremeetsdifferentneeds.B.Thefoodinserviceisdeliciousandsafe.C.Removingfoodwillresultinextracharges.D.Thediningstaffareprofessionalandpolite.BForthebraveinthearmedforces,beingsentawayfromhomeformonthsatatimeisjustpartoftheduty.However,it’sneveraneasyonetoperformespeciallyforthosewithchildren.SowhenIfoundoutIwasgoingtobestationedinSouthKoreaforayear,Iwasnervousabouthowmyfivechildren,particularlymyeldestdaughterAbigail,wouldtakethenewssinceitmeantIwouldn’tbehometoseehergraduatefromhighschool.Incredibly,AbigailtoldmenottoworryandevensuggestedwelivestreamtheeventamongfamilymemberswhenIleakedthenews.“We’vebeenluckyyouhaven’thadtobesentabroadyet.AnywaywecangetconnectedthroughtheInternet.Seemeonyourphoneonmyspot.〞Abigailsaid.ShesteppedintomanyofmyroleswhenIwasgone.IwantedtofindawaytothankherandshowherhowproudIwasofher.IstartedplanningthespecialsurprisewhenmyrequestreturnhomeafewweeksearlytoattendAbigail’sgraduationceremonywasapproved.WhenmytimeinSouthKoreafinallycametoanend,Iflewhome,rentedacar,andstayedinahotel.AndonAbigail’sgraduationday,IhidinanofficebehindthestagewaitinguntilIheardmydaughter’snamecalled.Ijustkeptthinking“Don’tcry.Don’ttripinyourheels.Don’tfallover.〞Atlast!Abigailwasuponstage.Islippedupbehindher,whisperedinherear,andaroundsheturned!“Iwasjustthinking,like,‘Youaren’tsupposedtobehere.What?What?How?’Itwasthebiggestshock...I’mprettysuremydadmadepeoplehedidn’tevenknowcry.Emotionalforeveryone,〞Abigailcried.Youknowwhatfollowed:Embraces,kisses,tears,laughs,flowers,wishes...;aren’ttheywhatafamilyhaveinstore?24.Whatworriedtheauthormost?A.HisdutyinSouthKorea.B.Hisfivechildren’ssafety.C.Hiseldestdaughter’sstudy.D.Hisabsencefromabigevent.25.Whatistheprobablemeaningoftheunderlinedphrase“livestream〞?A.Plan.B.Celebrate.C.Prepare.D.Broadcast.26.HowdidAbigailfeelwhenmeetingherfather?A.Embarrassed.B.Overjoyed.C.Nervous.D.Satisfied.27.Whatdoestheauthormainlyintendtoexpressbytellingthestory?A.Asoldier’spersonalsacrifice.B.Afather’sloveforhisfamily.C.Themeaningoffamilybond.D.Thewaytoplanabigsurprise.CFoodblogs,celebrities,andnutritionistsalladvocatethebenefitsofeatingorganic(有機的)fruitsandvegetables.ButanewstudypublishedinScienceAdvancespaintsamorecomplexpicture.Whileorganicproduceislikelyslightlyhealthiertoeatand,insomeways,moresustainabletogrow,therearealsodownsides.Organicfruitsandvegetablestypicallycostmorethanconventionalones.Togetacertificateasorganic,farmersmustmeetspecificcriteria,growingproducewithouttheuseofgeneticengineeringandchemicalinputs.Withoutthesemethods,thegrowingprocesstypicallyrequiresmorelabor,time,andmoney,acostthatispasseddowntoconsumers.It’struethatinmanyways,organicismoresustainablethanconventionalfarming.Butwhenitcomestoenvironmentalconcernssuchasgreenhousegasoutputandwaterloss,thecomparisongetscomplex.Organicfarmsproducelessgasoutputperacreage.However,becausetheyarebannedfromusinggeneticengineering,pesticides〔殺蟲劑〕,andothermethodsthatincreaseefficiency(效率),organicfarmsalsoproduceanestimated19%to25%lessyieldthanconventionalfarms.Whilethereisn’tawholelotresearchonthetopic,thefewstudiesthatdoexistsuggestgreengasoutputandwatermightactuallybehigheronorganicfarms,onaperunitbasis,saysstudyauthorVerenaSeurfert.Inaddition,whileorganicproduceislikelymorenutritiousthanconventionalfruitandvegetables,there’snotalotofevidencetosupporttheclaimthattheseoftenslightdifferencesinfluenceconsumerhealth.Thesameistrueforpesticideremainder.Indevelopedcountries,wherepesticideuseistightlyregulated,there’snoscientificconsensusonhowtheseoftenslightdifferencesinfluencehumanhealth.Still,Seurfertstressesthatifyoucanaffordtoeatorganic,youshoulddoso.Organicfarmsprovidesaferworkenvironmentsforworkers,plustheysupportgreatbiodiversity.Therealtakeawayfromherstudyisnotthatorganicisbadbutthatthepracticeneedsmorestudytoincreaseyieldwithoutloweringsustainability.Butifyoucan’taffordtobuyorganicproduce,don’tstresstoomuch,particularlyfromanutritionalperspective.28.Whatdoestheunderlinedword“downsides〞inParagraph1mostprobablymean?A.Dangers.B.Drawbacks.C.Benefits.D.Differences.29.Whichkeyfactormakesithardtocompareorganicfarmingandconventionalfarmingwhenitcomestoenvironmentalconcerns?A.Theyield.B.Theprice.C.Thewaterloss.D.Thelabor.30.Whichofthefollowingwilltheauthormostprobablyagreewith?A.Farmers’workenvironmentshouldbeimproved.B.Organicproduceshouldbemademoreefficiently.C.Itisn’twiseforconsumerstobuyorganicproducts.D.Pesticideremainderdoesnoharmtopeople’shealth.31.Intheauthor’sopinion,whyshouldwesupportorganicproduce?A.It’senvironmentallyfriendlyB.It’smorenutritious.C.Ithelpskeepthevarietyofplants.D.It’ssaferforconsumers.DEveryoceanloverknowsthedangersofgettingcaughtinaripcurrent(離岸流).Experiencedswimmersknowitisrelativelyeasytoescapethenarrowchannelofthefastmovingwaterbyfloatingandallowingittodragyoufurtherintotheoceanorbyswimmingalongsidetheshore.However,inexperiencedbeachgoersoftenpanic,andtrytoswimtoland,placingthemselvesatriskofdrowningduetotiredness.AccordingtotheUSNationalOceanService,thecurrentskillabout100Americanseachyearandaccountfor80%ofalllifeguardrescues.Thesescarystatisticsmaysoonbeathingofthepast,thankstoCleverGIRL,asmartbuoy(浮標)thatwarnsswimmersofthepresenceofdeadlyripcurrents.ThesmartdeviceisthebrainchildofAustralianteenagerMaddisonKing,whocreatedCleverGIRLasaprojectforherGrade12Designandclass.The18-year-old,whoworksasalifeguardduringhersparetime,cameupwiththebrilliantideaafterdiscoveringthatmostchildrenwereunabletodetectripcurrents.Thebasketball-sizedplasticbuoy,whichcanbeattachedtoachainofsimilardevicesortheoceanfloor,isfittedwithasmallpropeller(螺旋槳).Whenthewatertravelsatspeedsofover70centimeterspersecond,itspinsthepropellerfastenoughtopowerthelightatopthebuoy,warningswimmerstostayclearofthearea.Thoughitsoundssimpleenough,theyoungsterhadtoovercomenumerousdesignchallenges.Forinstance,shepickedaredlightsinceitiseasytoseeinthebrightsunlightandalsobecausethecolorservesasauniversalwarningsignfortouriststhatdonotspeakthelocal.Thedevice’ssmoothsurfaceandhighhandlesensureswimmersdonotgethurt,whiletheblack,white,andredstripedunderside,keepssharksandotheranimalsatbay.Futureversionsmightincludesomethinglikeawarningsiren,whichwouldprovidesoundwarningsofripcurrents.Besides,thepresentmodelcostabout$300tomake.“That’sbeyondmypurse.〞shelaughs,“thecosthastobecutdown.〞32.Whichofthefollowingistherightwaytoescapetheripcurrent?A.Waitingforrescues. B.Swimmingtotheshore.C.Movingfastinthewater. D.Floatingwiththewater.33.WhydidMaddisondecidetoinventCleverGirl?A.Shewantedtochallengehercreativity.B.Shewasmotivatedbyherworkingexperience.C.Shewassupposedtocompleteitforherclass.D.Shewasscaredbythestatisticsofthegovernment.34.WhatdoweknowaboutthepresentversionofCleverGirl?A.It’snotavailableonthemarket. B.It’squiteattractiveforseaanimals.C.It’sbasedonacomplextheory. D.Itcangivewarningsindifferentways.35.WhatcouldthefutureversionofGirlbelike?A.Saferandgreener.B.Cheaperandsafer.C.Greenerandmoreeffective.D.Cheaperandmoreeffective.第二節〔共5小題;每題2分,總分值10分〕根據短文內容,從短文后的選項中選出能填入空白處的最正確選項,選項中有兩項為余外選項。Lastweektheelectricityinmyflatwentout.36MytypicaleveningisspentwatchingTVandscrolling(滾動)throughsocialmedia.Tonightthiswasn’tpossible.MyroommateandIweren’tpreparedwithcandlesandmatches.Wejustrelyonelectricity.Soformeitwasanearlynight.37Thatnight,losingourelectricityfeltlikelosingabasicnecessity,asbasicasrunningwater.Butreally,electricityisaluxurythatwe’vegrowntotakeforgranted.Iuseelectricityallthetime,evenwhenit’snotreallynecessary.38AndasI’mwritingthis,Ihavemylightson,eveninthemiddleofthedaywhenIdon’treallyneedthem.39Itcontributestoglobalwarming.Itisharmingourenvironmentandweneedtodowhatwecantostopit.Notonlythat,butifwecontinuetousethesamelargeamountofenergywewillsoonrunoutofit.Howwouldwesurviveinaworldwithoutelectricity?Ourdailylivesgoaroundit.Wewouldn’tbeabletofunction.40So,shouldn’twestartpreparingforitnow?Cuttingdownonouruseofelectricitywouldsaveenergyresourcessothattheycouldlastforlonger.Andifeveryonedoesit,wecanmakeabigdifference.Yetweknowonedaywewillrunoutofit.Ourover-useofelectricityisabigproblem.Thisleftmeincompletedarknessthewholenight.Itisarealproblemtocutdownontheuseofelectricity.IknowforsureIcouldcutdownonmyuseofelectricity.F.Icouldn’thelpbutthink,dowerelytoomuchonelectricity?G.IturnontheTVinthebackgroundevenwhenI’mnotwatchingit.第三局部英語知識運用〔共兩節,總分值45分〕第一節完形填空〔共20小題;每題1.5分,總分值30分〕WhenHeatherMcHugh,apoet,wona$500,000“geniusgrant〞fromtheMacArthurFoundation,shedidn’tbuyaluxuriouscarorflytoParis.41,sheputthemoneyinthebankand42writingpoems.In2023,shefinally43whattodowithit.Thatyear,Heather’sgodsonandhiswife44theirfirstchild,abeautifulbabygirlbutseverelydisabled.“Isawhowpeople’s45canchangeovernight.Istartedthinkingaboutpeopleina46situation,〞saysHeather.She47thereweremillionsofcaregiverstakingcareofthechronically〔慢性的〕illordisabled.Soin2023,Heather48anonprofitorganizationofferingaseven-dayvacation,withall49paid,topeoplewhohavebeencaregiversforatleasttenyears.Triciawasoneofthefirstcaregiverstogoonvacation.WhenTriciagotacallsayingshewasoffereda50vacation,shecouldn’t51it;disbeliefeven52herconcernaboutleavinghertwokids.Triciawent,andherfavoritepartsofthetripwerebeingabletoenjoythe53things.“Igottoeathotfoodhotandcoldfoodcold.IcouldgotobedwhenIwantedtoandwakeupwheneverIchoseto,〞saysTricia.Shewasafraidthe54wouldreturnwhenthe55wasover,buttohersurprise,ithasn’tbeenbacksince.HeathersaysTricia’s56resemblesthoseshehelpseveryyear.“Beforethevacationtheyareso57,andthe58issoamazing.Theyreflectandrelax.Itfeels59likeanotherworldandgivesthemachancetoseetheirlivesfromanother60,〞sheadds.A.However B.Therefore C.Instead D.BesidesA.continued B.quitted C.practiced D.startedA.thoughtover B.wondered C.talkedabout D.decidedA.held B.welcomed C.lost D.savedA.feelings B.future C.lives D.routineA.different B.similar C.worse D.betterA.discovered B.claimed C.admitted D.feltA.donated B.found C.visited D.formedA.tax B.salary C.expenses D.rentA.free B.caring C.short D.longA.believe B.take C.refuse D.enjoyA.woke B.defeated C.showed D.movedA.wonderful B.delicious C.peaceful D.simpleA.heaviness B.pain C.sadness D.disbeliefA.entertainment B.dream C.vacation D.freedomA.comment B.story C.surprise D.fortuneA.worried B.confused C.unexpected D.stressedA.award B.change C.sceneryD.accommodationA.slightly B.interestingly C.magically D.mostlyA.place B.situation C.height D.angle第II卷〔50分〕第三局部英語知識運用第二節〔共10小題;每題1.5分,總分值15分〕閱讀下面短文,在空白處填入1個適當的單詞或括號內單詞的正確形式。Canknots(結)beaformofart?ItisinChina.Thereisalonghistoryofusingknotsfordecorationonclothingortohangfromtheceilingoronawall.Skilledknot61(a

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